Contribution of India to the World


Some of the valuable contributions of India to the world are listed below.

  • The decimal number system of place value 10 was invented by Indians.

    My India

  • Indians were the first to use Zero as a numeral.
  • The present place value system was invented by Indians.
  • Algebra, Trigonometry, Geometry and Calculus originated in India.
  • The Binary number system which is used in modern computers and digital devices was invented in India.
  • The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas Indians used numbers as big as 10*53 (i.e 10 to the power of 53 ) with specific names as early as 5000 B.C.  During the Vedic period.
  • The value of “pi” correct to 5 decimal places was manipulated by Aryabhatta and he was the first scientist to declare pi as an irrational number. However the value of “pi” correct to 31 decimals has been encrypted in ancient Indian Vedas long before the invention of Aryabhatta or the Greek.
  • Budhayana explained the concept of what is known as the Pythagorean Theorem today. He discovered this in the 6th century, which was long before the European mathematician, Pythagoras was born.
  • Newton’s theory of gravity was known to Indians 1200 years before Newton was born.
  • Astronomy and Cosmology studies originated in India.
  • Chess was invented in India.
  • The game of snakes & ladders was created by the 13th century poet saint Gyandev. It was originally called  ‘Mokshapat.’ The ladders in the game represented virtues and the snakes indicated vices. The game was played with cowrie shells and dices. Later through time, the game underwent several modifications but the meaning is the same i.e good deeds take us to heaven and evil to a cycle of re-births.
  • The world’s first university was the Takshila University which existed during 700 BC.
  • Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The father of medicine, Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago in India.
  • Sushruta is regarded as the father of surgery. Over 2600 years ago Sushrata & his team conducted complicated surgeries like  cataract, artificial limbs, cesareans, fractures, urinary stones and also plastic surgery and brain surgeries. More than 3000 different surgeries were performed and nearly 120 surgical instruments have been used before 2600 years itself.
  • Usage of anesthesia was well known in ancient India medicine. Detailed knowledge of anatomy, embryology, digestion, metabolism,  physiology, etiology, genetics and immunity is also found in many ancient Indian texts.
  • The art of Navigation & Navigating was born in the river Sindh 6000 over years ago. The very word ‘Navigation’ is derived from the Sanskrit word NAVGATIH. The word navy is also derived from the Sanskrit word ‘Nou’.
  • Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken by the earth to orbit the sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart. His calculations was – Time taken by earth to orbit the sun: (5th century) 365.258756484 days.
  • Extraction of Zinc from Zinc ore was known to Indians 4000 years before the British invention.
  • Buddhism and Jainism originated in India.
  • The ancient Indians had given the world the idea of the smallest and largest measuring units of Time. The smallest is the 34,000th of a second (krati) and the largest is the 4.32 Billion years (mahayuga).
  • Yoga was invented in India.

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15 Responses “Contribution of India to the World” →
  1. very nice



    August 19, 2014

    theory of relativity wasn’t Newton’s it is Einstein’s


  3. saurav anand

    August 31, 2014

    indias king Porus proved to be the strongest competitor of Alexander .Porus fought with such vigour that Alexander who promised porus kingdom to Gandhar refused to abide by his word recognised Porus king albeit under him

  4. Good Love The Facts Btw


  5. Soumi Saha

    February 24, 2015

    Seriously Indians are fab with many ideas and concepts before others knew hundreds of years ago. Thanks for giving me the knowledge of so many things that Indians knew.


  6. Mahendra

    March 17, 2015

    How could any Indian unlike this article ?

  7. great we all need to rewrite history which is taught to us and now to our kids.lets all make a effort and help people like rajeev malhotra and subramanyam swamy…………..


  8. the BLOB OF DOOM

    February 18, 2016

    this is very helpful. Thanks!

  9. Fhrhfnddnfjrrmrjhgjgrjfjf


  10. Mohandas

    May 2, 2016

    What is the peculiarity of thr figure 106 ?


  11. Mohandas

    May 2, 2016

    The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106
    why 106 ? please clarify


  12. shantanu

    May 4, 2016

    Why didn’t we invented any thing from last 500 years, and forgot all these knowledge. why now most of inventions at western world?
    shall we think seriously on that?


  13. shantanu

    May 4, 2016

    Why didn’t we invent any thing from last 500 years, and forgot all these knowledge. why now most of inventions at western world?
    shall we think seriously on that?


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