History of Mathematics In India
Ganitam was the common term used to refer mathematics in India. The concept of counting, addition, division, subtraction and other basic arithmetic operations existed since the early 6000 BC in India. The book vedhantha jyotish (1000 BC) has mentioned the importance of mathematics in India.
“Just as branches of a peacock and jewel-stone of a snake are placed at the highest place of body (forehead), similarly position of Ganit is highest in all the branches of Vedah and Shastras”
Famous Jain Mathematician Mahaviracharya has said the following:-
“What is the use of much speaking. Whatever object exists in this moving and nonmoving world, can not be understood without the base of Ganit(Mathematics).”
This shows that the intellectuals in India were aware of the importance of mathematics and that is why they gave special importance for the development of mathematics right from the beginning. When this knowledge was negligible in Arab and Europe, India had acquired great achievements.
People from Arab and other countries used to travel to India for commerce. While doing commerce side by side, they also learnt easy ways to use calculations methods of India. Through them this knowledge reached Europe. It was from this translation of an Indian text on Mathematics that the Arab mathematicians perfected the decimal system and gave the world its current system of enumeration which we call the Arab numerals, which are originally Indian numerals. From time to time many inquisitive foreigners visited India and they delivered this matchless knowledge to their countries. This will not be exaggeration to say that till 12th Century India resembled as the world guru in the field of mathematics.
….Continues (History of the Decimal System)