Browsing All Posts filed under »Mathematics«


November 4, 2011


MEASUREMENTS The people of the Indus Civilization achieved great accuracy in measuring length, mass, and time. They were among the first to develop a system of uniform weights and measures. Their measurements are said to be extremely precise however, a comparison of available objects indicates large scale variation across the Indus territories. Their smallest division, […]


September 1, 2011


BINARY NUMBER SYSTEM                Today binary numbers form the basis for the operation of computers and all digital devices. Binary numbers were (said to be) discovered in the west by German mathematician Gottfried Leibniz in 1695. However, binary numbers were used in India prior to 2nd century A.D., more […]

BAUDHAYANA (PYTHAGORAS) THEOREM (World Guru of Mathematics, Part – 9)

August 31, 2011


BAUDHAYANA (PYTHAGORAS) THEOREM                                     It was ancient Indians mathematicians who discovered Pythagoras theorem. This might come as a surprise to many, but it’s true that Pythagoras theorem was known much before Pythagoras and it was Indians who actually […]

India – World Guru of Mathematics (Part – 8)

August 30, 2011


ZERO AND INFINITY One might think that once a place-value number system came into existence then the 0 as an empty place indicator is a necessary idea, yet the Babylonians had a place-value number system without this feature for over 1000 years. Moreover there is absolutely no evidence that the Babylonians felt that there was […]

India – World Guru of Mathematics (Part – 7)

August 29, 2011


TRIGNOMENTRY, GEOMETRY AND ALGORITHM Even in the area of Geometry, Indian mathematicians had their contribution. The complex origins of trigonometry are embedded in the history of the simple word “sine,” a mistranslation of an Arabic transliteration of a Sanskrit mathematical term! The complex etymology of “sine” reveals trigonometry’s roots in Babylonian, Greek, Hellenistic, Indian, and […]

India – World Guru of Mathematics (Part – 6)

August 28, 2011


ALGEBRA (BIJAGANITAM) “As for as other countries are concerned we find that in the golden time of Greece Mathematics there was no sign of Algebra with respect to modern concept of Algebra. In classical period Greece people had ability to solve tough questions of Beez Ganit (Later the name Algebra became more popular) but there […]

India – World Guru of Mathematics (Part – 5)

August 24, 2011


It is worth starting with a quote by Albert Einstein. He quotes “We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.”  We now turn to the second aspect of the Indian number system, namely the fact that it was a place-value […]